Theresienstadt camp/ghetto, Terezín, Czech Republic

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There are two parts to this concentration camp, the fortress and the walled garrison town.

The fortress was built during the Habsburg monarchy (18th Century). During World War I, the fortress was used as a political prison camp. Many thousand supporters of Russia were placed by Austro-Hungarian authorities in the fortress. Gavrilo Princip, who assassinated Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife, died of tuberculosis here in 1918.

In 1939 the Gestapo established a police prison here. The Small Fortress (Malá pevnost in Czech, Kleine Festung in German) is located apart from the town on the left hand side of the left side of river Ohře. Approximately 32,000 people arrived here.

The main walled garrison became a Jewish Ghetto by November 1941. Around 30,000 people died here due to the conditions. Many inhabitants were transported to other camps, mainly Auschwitz.

Princip was too young to receive the death penalty, being twenty-seven days short of his twentieth birthday at the time of the assassination. Instead, he received the maximum sentence of twenty years in prison. He was held in harsh conditions which were worsened by the war. He got tuberculosis, and had one of his arms amputated in prison when the disease infected an arm bone. He died on 28 April 1918 at Terezín , 3 years and 10 months after he assassinated the Archduke and Duchess. At the time of his death, Princip weighed around 40 kilograms (88 lb), weakened by malnutrition, blood loss from his amputated arm, and disease.

Walled Garrison Town

First served as the SS Camp HQ later as a post office and youth home.

Home for small children

view of main square

Small Fortress

Model area -Constructed in 1944 for the impending Red Cross visit.

Entrance to first yard

cell for around 90 prisoners.

Execution Ground -The indentations on  Executions began in 1943.  up to 300 prisoners were shot  here.  The largest execution occurred on 2nd May 1945, 52 people (mostly members of the Czech resistance groups were killed).

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